The “Palace of Nestor” at Ano Englianos, also called the “Homeric Pylos” hardly needs any explanation. Excavated from 1952 by Carl Blegen, the site shows us a Mycenaean palace that is not inferior in luxury and richness to the palace of Mykene, and the thousands of clay tablets that have been found have given us a good idea of the complete palace administration. Homer’s Iliad tells of the Neleid dynasty in “Messenic Pylos”, of which Nestor (who ruled for three generations and sent 90 warships to Troy, where Agamemnon himself could not bring more than 100) was the most important. The Odyssey depicts in book 3 how the son of Odysseus is received hospitably in the palace of Nestor, how he stays there and is bathed (!) by female slaves.
Above: the megaron of Pylos, with the centrally located (partly ceremonial) hearth, and the warehouses. The entire protective construction has since been renewed.