The columns, ceilings and roof construction were all made of wood, the outer walls of sandstone blocks, the inner walls of clay and stones. The whole was plastered and painted in the most beautiful frescoes. The walls have generally been preserved to a height of about 1 meter, while the fire that ended the palace wiped out the entire upper floor, leaving only non-combustible objects. In fact, the palace itself is much more impressive and informative than the much more touristy Mycenae, but in particular the lack of impressive Cyclopean walls that do adorn Mycenae means that few tourists find their way. Incidentally, modern measurements with ground radar have shown that those fortifications have been there, while a large lower town has also been shown near the palace.
Impressive are the many details that have been preserved of the palace construction, the terracotta bath with the remains of storage vessels (for hot water?), The pantry with dozens of bottles and barrels in situ, with an adjoining waiting room with a stucco bench, the stairs to the top floor, the great hall, where the king sat in state (complete with a channel for the libations he had to offer), with the clearly recognizable pillars for the four massive columns that once supported the roof and the enormous plastered and painted fireplace. The room was painted with murals, with a scene of griffins and lions directly behind the throne. Impressive (but far behind at Mycenae) is the restored dome tomb.
On the first day of the excavations, the excavator Blegen was lucky enough to come across a room with 600 tables in Linear B, an early form of Greek.
Photo’s: left to right: a reconstruction of the courtyard and a reconstruction of the throneroom in Pylos, on the right the painted hearth.
Below: three frescoes (reconstructions P. De Jong) from the palace.