In antiquity the city was known as Patrai; its modern form Patras originally being an accusative of direction. The city was a founding member of the Achaean League, but had seriously fallen in wealth and inhabitants by the hellenistic period. Augustus refounded the city under the name Colonia Augusta Aroë Patrensis, settling many of his veterans in the city as well as forcing the inhabitants of other Greek towns to move to Patras.
Hadrian too is called “restitutor Achaiae (restorer of Achaia)” on coins of Patras. At the moment Patras, with over 300.000 inhabitants the third city of Greece, is one of the liveliest cities of the country. Famous is the carnaval in Patras.
Above: three pictures of the kastro of Patras. Below: the Odeion of Patras with some Roman sarcophaguses and a groundplan of the kastro.