Museum Elis

The beautifully landscaped archaeological museum of Elis Town (right) is worth a visit because of the many finds from the ancient city. There are (among other interesting finds) two beautiful mosaic floors from a Roman villa near the agora of the ancient city.

The twelve labors of Hercules, numbered in Greek figures (!):


A Lion of Nemea

B Hydra

Γ Erymantic Wild Boar

Δ Hind of Artemis

E birds of Stymphalos

Ϛ (sampi) girdle (and shield) of the Amazons

Z Augias stables (a large pile of shit)

H Bull of Crete

Θ Horses of Diomedes

I Cattle of Geryones

IA Kerberos,

IB Apples of the Hesperides.

This mosaic features in the center the Lyre of Apollo, surrounded by the names of the nine muses, each bearing the symbol representing their specific “function”, plus their mother, Mnemosyne, depicted as Mount Pieria.
Kleio (the muse of historiography, scroll)
Euterpe (flute playing, double flute)
Thaleia (comedy, mask)
Melpomene (tragedy, mask)
Terpsichore (dance and the lyrical poetry, kithara)
Erato (hymn, love song and lyric, lyre)
Polymnia (rhetoric and the sacred songs)
Ourania (astronomy, globe)
Kalliope (heroic epic, philosophy and rhetoric, washbasin)
For the difference between the kithara and the lyre, see e.g.